The concept behind the urban farm
Population growth, concentration in the urban environment, the effects of climate change on crops, food availability… All these elements bring agricultural stakeholders to work together to find viable solutions to food needs of the planet. For while food production does not seem to be the problem in the first place, it is access to so-called “local” food that causes headaches for both urban and remote populations.
How can we feed these populations with fresh produce without costing a lot of money for production, but especially for transport? And who says transport says impacts on the environment. The degradation of ecosystems will put more pressure on farmers, hence the need to find alternative solutions.
An increasingly widespread phenomenon that has recently been found in Asia, North America and Europe are vertical farms in urban areas. These ultramodern facilities, often located in the middle of the city, are now considered the precursors of an agricultural revolution. Most of the real estate projects in urban areas now include a green space, while large shopping centers are developing their vegetable gardens. The actors involved have understood: the modern city no longer thinks without its components “urban agriculture, sustainable food, mitigation and adaptation to climate change.”
The development of urban agriculture is accompanied by that of above-ground production techniques: hydroponics, aeroponics, aquaponics. Because they provide the opportunity to install a controlled environment for an above-ground production system, vacant buildings can be converted into an installation that can hold hundreds, if not thousands of serving devices. either cuttings or growth. With 90% less water requirements than a land crop and a fraction in terms of fertilizer and no pesticide use, the urban farm is an alternative that provides a ready-to-eat product easily accessible to the population. .